Bullying is an act of aggression with three specific characteristics:
- Unwarranted and intentional act to do harm to an individual.
- Repetitive (or likely to be repeated) action involving the same or a different targeted person.
- Involves an imbalance of power, where the person engaging in bullying behavior perceives her/himself to be superior to the person targeted.
All three characteristics must be present in order for an aggressive behavior to be bullying.
Physical bullying involves hitting, shoving, pushing, tripping, and other kinds of force.
Social bullying involves using relationships to hurt someone, including embarrassing someone in public, excluding someone from participation, and spreading rumors.
Verbal bullying involves hurtful comments, name-calling, teasing, and making threats.
Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic technology. Electronic technology includes devices and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites.
Please contact Julie McDaniel-Muldoon, PhD, ACTP for additional bullying prevention information, resources and services.